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Holyoke Class Mt. The contrast between online and in-person sections is primarily the mode of communication. In online sections, participation is often asynchronous while in-person sections meet on campus at scheduled times. In short, DeVry online classes attempt to replicate traditional in-person classes, except that student-student and student-professor interactions are virtual and asynchronous.
Using variation in course-taking that arises both from changes in course offerings at particular campuses in a particular term and from variation across students in the distance that they have to travel to take in-person courses, we find that taking a course online reduces student grades by 0.
To be more concrete, students taking the course in-person earned roughly a B- grade 2. We also find that taking a course online, instead of in person, increases the probability that a student will drop out of school. In the semester after taking an online course, students are about 9 percentage points less likely to remain enrolled. This reduction is relative to an average of 88 percent of students remaining enrolled in the following term.
Moreover, taking a course online reduces the number of credits that students who do reenroll take in future semesters. While this setting is quite different, we can compare the effects on online course taking to other estimates of effects of on college persistence. The negative effects of online course taking are concentrated in the lowest performing students.
As shown in Figure 2, for students with below median prior GPA, the online classes reduce grades by 0. Thus, while online courses may have the potential to differentiate coursework to meet the needs of students with weaker incoming skills, current online courses, in fact, do an even worse job of meeting the needs of these students than do traditional in-person courses. These analyses provide evidence that students in online courses perform substantially worse than students in traditional in-person courses and that experience in these online courses impact performance in future classes and their likelihood of dropping out of college as well.
The negative effects of online course-taking are far stronger for students with lower prior GPA. The results are in line with prior studies of online education in other settings such as community colleges and highly competitive four-year institutions that also show that online courses yield worse average outcomes than in-person courses. The current negative effect of online course taking relative to in-person course taking should not necessarily lead to the conclusion that online courses should be discouraged.
On the contrary, online courses provide access to students who never would have the opportunity or inclination to take classes in-person. The authors did not receive financial support from any firm or person with a financial or political interest in this article. They are currently not officers, directors, or board members of any organization with an interest in this article. Executive Summary Online courses have expanded rapidly and have the potential to extend further the educational opportunities of many students, particularly those least well-served by traditional educational institutions.
Footnotes Graesser, Arthur C. Conley, and Andrew Olney. Harris, Steve Graham, and Tim Urdan. Bettinger, E. American Economic Review. Allen, I. Elaine, and Jeff Seaman. Newburyport, MA: Sloan Consortium. Deming, David J. Katz, and Noam Yuchtman. Jacob, B. Hart, C. Alexander and S. Russell Sage Foundation and William T.
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Coaching is one of the more cost effective ways to improve retention and graduation rates, according to a new study by Eric Bettinger and doctoral student Rachel Baker. The study, conducted by Stanford University Associate Professor Eric Bettinger and doctoral student Rachel Baker , reviewed the academic records of more than 13, students from eight colleges and universities across the and academic years. The researchers compared randomly selected, demographically balanced groups of coached vs.
Bettinger and Baker measured student outcomes using data provided by InsideTrack, a national student coaching company. Following a randomization process, 8, of the students received one-on-one coaching and 5, did not. The universities participating in the study provided data on student persistence after six, 12, 18 and 24 months. Degree completion data was also provided for a subsample of students in the earlier sample year. Other research results included:.
Bettinger, who has studied the effects of financial aid on college retention, also found that student coaching appears to be cost effective. Enter your keywords for search. The WWC may review studies for multiple purposes, including different reports and re-reviews using updated standards. Each WWC review of this study is listed in the dropdown. Details on any review may be accessed by making a selection from the drop down list. WWC review of this study.
The effects of student coaching in college: An evaluation of a randomized experiment in student mentoring Working Paper No. At least one finding shows strong evidence of effectiveness. At least one statistically significant positive finding. Rating: Meets WWC standards without reservations.
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Education Level: Higher Education. Bettinger, E. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis , 36 1 , January 17, The New York Times. April 25, Rachel Baker discusses student coaching and college persistence. April 08, Policy Analysis for California Education. Student coaching and college persistence.
The participating universities and InsideTrack randomly assigned students to be coached. The coach contacted students regularly to develop a clear vision of their goals, to guide them in connecting their daily activities to their long term goals, and to support them in building skills, including time management, self advocacy, and study skills.
Students who were randomly assigned to a coach were more likely to persist during the treatment period, and were more likely to be attending the university one year after the coaching had ended. Coaching also proved a more cost-effective method of achieving retention and completion gains when compared to previously studied interventions such as increased financial aid.
The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research. Download Citation Data. Eric P. Bettinger, Rachel Baker. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 36 1 , pp. Share Twitter LinkedIn Email. Working Paper